Developers have benefitted from the development of an entirely new programming model given by Microsoft .NET. It uses the Internet as an operating system and aims to provide advantages over a number of difficulties faced in other traditional programming languages such as Visual Basic, Visual C++ and COM programming. It offers various features such as scalability, ease of performance and applications, security and interpretation of different programming languages at a common interface.
Certain issues related to COM programmings such as registration of COM components and others are not present in Microsoft.NET. It has brought about a paradigm shift in the development of Web application development and deployment. The next big step in Internet and Internet technology is envisioned in Web services which are simplified with the advent of Microsoft.NET. Simplification of Web services has been one of the major goals for the designing of .NET.
Here is a brief overview of what Microsoft .NET Framework is and what benefits does an application developer gain from it, in terms of development efforts and platforms. Our experts can also introduce you to terms of Common Language Runtime (CLR), Common Type System (CTS), and Common Language Specification (CLS). You can get to know more from experts at .NET assignment help and find out how you can get your assignments completed whenever you want them.
Microsoft .NET Framework is an all-inclusive programming framework which caters to developing all types of applications be it web-based or standalone. The comprehensive set of features provided by Microsoft .NET Framework include but are not limited to the following:
Visual Studio .NET is the latest version of the development environment product from Microsoft which provides a rapid application development (RAD) tool that is fully supported by the MSDN developer service and Windows DNA 2000 servers. It is an integrated development environment (IDE) that is common to all the Microsoft programming languages in the .NET Framework. Visual Studio .NET is based primarily on XML and it uses XML for data storage and formatting also.
Visual Studio .NET enables the easy development and deployment of distributed, programmable and highly configurable applications in the form of services that run across stand-alone machines, within the intranet of corporate data centres and across the Internet. The following types of applications can be created using this framework:
Apart from a powerful set of debugging features, Visual Studio .NET also provides advanced source code version control through Visual Source Safe (VSS) and true IntelliSense.
The latest version of Microsoft .NET Framework provides a new programming model that simplifies application development for the highly distributed environment of the Internet and cloud platforms. The major components of the .NET Framework are the CLR and the .NET Framework class library.
The CLR (Common Language Runtime) is the execution environment provided by the Microsoft .NET Framework. The CTS (Common Type System) defines how types are declared, used, and managed in the runtime environment. The CTS is the key element for the CLR’s support of cross-language integration. The Microsoft .NET Framework supports two types of arguments, parameters or variables: reference and value.
As the name suggests, reference types contain a reference to the memory address of a value stored in memory. If any changes are made to the value using the reference address, the original value is also changed in memory. Reference type variables are allocated in the heap memory.
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Value types, on the other hand, contain the actual value. If the value of one variable (or value type) is assigned to another variable (or value type), the contents of the first variable are copied into the second variable. If any changes are made in the second variable, the contents of the first variable are not changed.
Value type variables are allocated on the stack. Value types are stored more efficiently as primitive types. Value types are derived from the System.ValueType class. Because of this, the value type variables can have fields, properties, and events, just as reference type of variables.
In order to become proficient in the .NET Framework, it is very important to understand the differences between reference and value type variables and their respective uses and drawbacks. You can take help from our experts who provide .NET assignment help and consider your options if you have the assignment to be completed at the earliest. This is one of the primary concepts that form the basis of the applications that you will be developed using this framework. It is also one of the basic concepts which are incorporated in most of the programming languages that are being used today.
Microsoft .NET has introduced a concept called boxing and unboxing. Boxing involves the process of converting a value type variable into a reference type variable. Boxing a variable of a value type allocates an object instance on the heap and copies the value of the value type variable into the heap. Unboxing is the explicit conversion from the object type to a value type.
During unboxing an InvalidCastException might be thrown if the source argument is null or is a reference to an incompatible type. The latest version of .NET supports auto-boxing and unboxing thus reducing a lot of code that programmers previously needed to take care of manually.
A type definition includes the type name, visibility, base type, interfaces implemented by the new type, and members of the new type. A type needs to be identified by a name and is similar to the concept of classes in Java. It can have global access, that is, all other assemblies can access the type if the accessibility of the type is public. If the accessibility of the type is assembly, the type can be accessed only within the assembly in which the type is defined.
A type can inherit from other types and extend the behaviour of the base types. It is important to understand that a type can inherit only from a single type but can also implement any number of interfaces. This is one of the key concepts of inheritance in modern object-oriented programming languages. In addition, attributes can be used with the types to provide more information about the types.
Value types are built-in data types provided by the programming languages supported in the Microsoft .NET Framework. Integer, Float, and Double are some examples of built-in data types and are value types. User-defined value types can also be defined. The structure is a common example of a user-defined value type that is supported in Visual Basic .NET.
Some of the reference types found in the Microsoft .NET Framework are the classes, arrays, pointers, delegates, and so on.
Microsoft .NET Framework includes a rich library of base classes that contains classes, interfaces and value types that help to accelerate the development process. In order to learn of all these base classes and know more about .NET, you can take .NET Assignment Help. This class library provides access to several system functionalities. To ensure interoperability between languages, the classes in the .NET Framework class library are CLS compliant. Thus, they can be used from any programming language targeted for the Microsoft .NET Framework that complies with the CLS specifications.
Microsoft .NET introduces a concept of namespaces that is similar to packages in Java. Namespaces are logical groupings of functionally related classes. They also help avoid collisions when referring to classes with the same name.
One of the most important concepts in the .NET Framework is managed code, which is code that runs under the supervision of the CLR. There are several advantages of managed code. The CLR provides services to managed code such as automatic memory management through a garbage collection mechanism, easy versioning and deployment capabilities, and better security options.
Unmanaged code does not run under the supervision of the CLR. It has to implement memory allocation and deallocation logic manually. Unmanaged code can be generated in Microsoft .NET by compiling the code with the /unsafe option during the compilation process.
During execution of a .NET application, managed code can interact with and send and receive data from unmanaged code. This process of passing data between managed and unmanaged code is known as data marshalling. For Microsoft .NET applications that use classic COM components, the classes provided in the System.Runtime.Interop namespace does the data marshalling. The developer does not have to write code explicitly for the data marshalling in this case.
To call into unmanaged code from managed code, a runtime callable wrapper (RCW) is created. Similarly, calling into managed code from unmanaged code requires a COM callable wrapper (CCW) to be generated. This, however, adds some performance penalty.
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